Best in Energy – 25 January 2023

China’s quota system for oil import and exports

U.S. refinery margins strengthen on maintenance

Northeast Asia boosted coal imports in December

Brazil’s hydroelectric dams are brim full ($BBG)

U.S. air freight moves to secondary hubs ($WSJ)

U.S. temporary employment is declining ($WSJ)

Lithium producers anticipate long boom ($FT)

U.S. oilfield services see multi-year boom ($FT)

SINGAPORE’s inventories of distillate fuel oils have stabilised and increased slightly since nearing a multi-year low under 7 million barrels in early November. The increase has coincided with an acceleration of diesel exports from China and a slowdown in freight movements which have relieved some of the regional shortage. Nonetheless stocks are still -2.5 million barrels (-24%) below the prior ten-year seasonal average:

Best in Energy – 16 December 2022

Lithium prices double on output deficit

Global coal consumption hits record high

China braces for impact of rural epidemic

ICE warns it could relocate TTF gas futures

Russia crude sold to India under $60 ($FT)

China experiences intense cold snap (trans.)

Texas oil production hit by seismicity limits

EUROPE’s seven-largest gas consuming countries (excluding the United Kingdom) reported consumption was down -21% in October compared with the same month a year earlier, and down by a similar percentage compared with the ten-year average, as a result of high prices, conservation, and milder-than-normal temperatures in the second half of the month:

U.S. MANUFACTURING output shows signs of peaking. Production was up by just +1.4% in November compared with the same month a year earlier, the smallest increase for almost two years, and the growth rate has been decelerating progressively since February:

Best in Energy – 3 November 2022

Africa’s governments demand fair energy transition

U.S. gas production and injections drive prices lower

China’s gas consumption growth stalls in 2022

Australia’s mining companies explore renewables

Saudi Arabia’s more independent foreign policy ($FA)

South Africa’s newest coal generator damaged ($BBG)

Aero-engine makers struggle to meet demand ($FT)

Canada excludes China from lithium sector ($FT)

China’s quarantine system – an inside view ($FT)

U.S. INTEREST RATE TRADERS expect the Federal Reserve to raise its federal funds target for longer to peak at a higher level and sustain them at a higher rate than before, following a warning by the central bank’s chief. Policy-controlled interest rates are expected to continue rising until they peak at 5.00-5.25% in May 2023, up from 3.75-4.00% at present, and still be at 4.00-4.25% at the end of 2024:

U.S. PETROLEUM INVENTORIES including the strategic reserve fell by -3 million barrels in the week to October 28. Stocks have depleted in 90 of the last 122 weeks by a total of -494 million barrels since the start of July 2020:

Best in Energy – 11 August 2022

Physical oil prices soften in recent weeks

Chile’s troubled lithium industry ($WSJ)

Yield curve inversion slows bank lending

EIA’s weekly petroleum reporting system

INDIA’s coal-fired power plants have 11 days of fuel on hand, an improvement on just 7 days at the end of August 2021, but still slightly below the 13 days at the same point in 2019. The central government has prioritised replenishing fuel stocks to avert a repeat of the power shortages and blackouts that hit the country in October 2021:

U.S. FREIGHT SHIPMENTS accelerated in June after slowing slightly in May. Freight volumes were up +4.6% in June compared with the same month a year earlier. Volumes advanced at the same annualised rate of +4.6% in the most recent three months from March to June. The strong growth was surprising since other manufacturing indicators pointed to a slowdown in activity during the second quarter:

U.S. PETROLEUM INVENTORIES including the strategic reserve rose by +8 million bbl last week, one of the largest weekly increases in the last two years. There were increases in stocks of commercial crude (+5 million bbl), distillate fuel oil (+2 million), propane (+2 million) and other oils (+8 million) partially offset by reductions in jet fuel (-1 million), gasoline (-5 million) and strategic crude stocks (-5 million):

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